Causes of Infertility

Infertility takes place when a couple can’t conceive after having normal unprotected sex. A diagnosis of infertility means haven’t been capable to get pregnant after a 12 months of trying. If you’re a female over 35, it skill you haven’t been capable to get pregnant after 6 months of trying.

Women who are in a position to conceive however no longer raise a being pregnant to time period can also additionally be identified with infertility.

A women who’s never been capable to get pregnant will be identified with primary infertility. A woman who’s had at least one successful pregnant in the previous will be recognized with secondary infertility.

Infertility isn’t simply a woman’s problem. Men can be infertile too. In fact, men and female are equally probably to have fertility problems.

Pregnancy is the result of a process that has many steps. To get pregnant:

A woman’s body must release an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation).

The egg must go through a fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb).
A man’s sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way.
The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus (implantation).

Infertility can happen if there are problems with any of these steps.

Yes. About 10 percent of women (6.1 million) ages 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or
staying pregnant.

You probably don’t need to see a doctor about infertility unless you have been trying
regularly to get pregnant for at least one year. Women should talk with a doctor earlier,
however, if they:

  • Are age 35 or older and have been trying to conceive for six months or longer
  • Are over age 40
  • Have irregular or absent periods
  • Have very painful periods
  • Have known fertility problems
  • Have been diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Have had multiple miscarriages

Most cases of female infertility are caused by problems with ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. Some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include irregular or absent menstrual periods.

Ovulation problems are often caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormone imbalance problem which can interfere with normal ovulation. PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility. Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is another cause of ovulation problems. POI occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop working normally before she is 40. POI is not the same as early menopause.

Less common causes of fertility problems in women include:

  • Blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy
  • Physical problems with the uterus
  • Uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous clumps of tissue and muscle on the walls of the

Many things can change a woman’s ability to have a baby. These include:

  • Age
  • Smoking
  • Excess alcohol use
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Athletic training
  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Health problems that cause hormonal changes, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome andprimary ovarian insufficiency

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